In this region, rivers flow northwest, into the Ohio River basin; the Virginia Seismic Zone has not had a history of regular earthquake activity. Earthquakes are above 4. The largest earthquake, at an estimated 5. The earthquake was felt as far away as Toronto and Florida. The resulting Chesapeake Bay impact crater may explain what earthquakes and subsidence the region does experience.
Coal mining takes place in the three mountainous regions at 45 distinct coal beds near Mesozoic basins. Over 64 million tons of other non-fuel resources, such as slate , sand, or gravel , were mined in Virginia in ; the state's carbonate rock is filled with more than 4, caves, ten of which are open for tourism, including the popular Luray Caverns and Skyline Caverns.
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The climate of Virginia is humid subtropical and becomes warmer and more humid farther south and east. Influenced by the Gulf Stream , coastal weather is subject to hurricanes, most pronouncedly near the mouth of Chesapeake Bay. In spite of its position adjacent to the Atlantic Ocean the coastal areas have a significant continental influence with quite large temperature differences between summ. Rising in the Rocky Mountains of western Montana , the Missouri flows east and south for 2, miles before entering the Mississippi River north of St.
Louis, Missouri ; the river takes drainage from a sparsely populated, semi-arid watershed of more than half a million square miles, which includes parts of ten U. When combined with the lower Mississippi River, it forms the world's fourth longest river system.
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For over 12, years, people have depended on the Missouri River and its tributaries as a source of sustenance and transportation. More than ten major groups of Native Americans populated the watershed, most leading a nomadic lifestyle and dependent on enormous bison herds that roamed through the Great Plains ; the first Europeans encountered the river in the late seventeenth century, the region passed through Spanish and French hands before becoming part of the United States through the Louisiana Purchase.
The Missouri River was one of the main routes for the westward expansion of the United States during the 19th century. The growth of the fur trade in the early 19th century laid much of the groundwork as trappers explored the region and blazed trails. Pioneers headed west en masse beginning in the s, first by covered wagon by the growing numbers of steamboats that entered service on the river. Settlers took over former Native American lands in the watershed, leading to some of the most longstanding and violent wars against indigenous peoples in American history.
During the 20th century, the Missouri River basin was extensively developed for irrigation , flood control and the generation of hydroelectric power. Fifteen dams impound the main stem of the river, with hundreds more on tributaries. Meanders have been cut and the river channelized to improve navigation, reducing its length by miles from pre-development times.
Although the lower Missouri valley is now a populous and productive agricultural and industrial region, heavy development has taken its toll on wildlife and fish populations as well as water quality. From the Rocky Mountains of Montana and Wyoming , three streams rise to form the headwaters of the Missouri River: the longest begins near Brower's Spring , 9, feet above sea level on the southeastern slopes of Mount Jefferson in the Centennial Mountains.
Issuing from the mountains near Cascade, the river flows northeast to the city of Great Falls , where it drops over the Great Falls of the Missouri , a series of five substantial waterfalls, it winds east through a scenic region of canyons and badlands known as the Missouri Breaks , receiving the Marias River from the west widening into the Fort Peck Lake reservoir a few miles above the confluence with the Musselshell River. Farther on, the river passes through the Fort Peck Dam , downstream, the Milk River joins from the north.
Flowing eastward through the plains of eastern Montana, the Missouri receives the Poplar River from the north before crossing into North Dakota where the Yellowstone River , its greatest tributary by volume, joins from the southwest. At the confluence, the Yellowstone is the larger river. Below the dam the Missouri receives the Knife River from the west and flows south to Bismarck , the capital of North Dakota, where the Heart River joins from the west, it slows into the Lake Oahe reservoir just before the Cannonball River confluence.
While it continues south reaching Oahe Dam in South Dakota , the Grand and Cheyenne Rivers all join the Missouri from the west; the Missouri makes a bend to the southeast as it winds through the Great Plains, receiving the Niobrara River and many smaller tributaries from the southwest. It proceeds to form the boundary of South Dakota and Nebraska after being joined by the James River from the north, forms the Iowa—Nebraska boundary. At Sioux City the Big Sioux River comes in from the north; the Missouri flows south to the city of Omaha where it receives its longest tributary, the Platte River , from the west.
Downstream, it begins to define the Nebraska—Missouri border flows between Missouri and Kansas. The Missouri swings east at Kansas City , where the Kansas River enters from the west, so on into north-central Missouri. To the east of Kansas City, the Missouri receives, on the left side, the Grand River , it passes south of Columbia and receives the Osage and Gasconade Rivers from the south downstream of Jefferson City.
The river rounds the northern side of St. Louis to join the Mississippi River on the border between Missouri and Illinois. With a drainage basin spanning , square miles, the Missouri River's catchment encompasses nearly one-sixth of the area of the United States or just over five percent of the continent of North America.
Comparable to the size of the Canadian province of Quebec , the watershed encompasses most of the central Great Plains , stretching from the Rocky Mountains in the. He was a mountain man, wilderness guide, Indian agent, U. Army officer.
Carson became a frontier legend in his own lifetime via biographies and news articles. Exaggerated versions of his exploits were the subject of dime novels, his understated nature belied confirmed reports of his fearlessness, combat skills and profound effect on the westward expansion of the United States.
Carson left home in rural present-day Missouri at age 16 to become a mountain man and trapper in the West. In the s, he accompanied Ewing Young on an expedition to Mexican California and joined fur-trapping expeditions into the Rocky Mountains , he married into the Arapaho and Cheyenne tribes.https://inmusure.ga
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In the s, Carson was hired as a guide by John C. In the war, Carson was a scout and courier, celebrated for his rescue mission after the Battle of San Pasqual and for his coast-to-coast journey from California to Washington, D. In the s, he was appointed as the Indian agent to the Jicarilla Apaches. During the American Civil War , Carson led a regiment of Hispanic volunteers from New Mexico on the side of the Union at the Battle of Valverde in ; when the Confederate threat to New Mexico was eliminated, Carson led forces to suppress the Navajo , Mescalero Apache , the Kiowa and Comanche peoples by destroying their food sources.
Carson took command of Fort Garland, Colorado , he was there only briefly: poor health forced him to retire from military life.
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Carson had ten children. The Carson home was in New Mexico. Carson was born in Kentucky on Christmas Eve , , his parents were his second wife, Rebecca Robinson. Lindsay had had five children by his first wife Lucy Bradley, ten more children by Rebecca. Kit was their sixth. Lindsay Carson had a Scots-Irish Presbyterian background, he was a farmer, a cabin builder, a veteran of the American Revolutionary War and the War of He fought Indians on the American frontier, losing two fingers on his left hand in a battle with the Fox and Sauk Indians ; the Carson family moved to Boone's Lick , Howard County , when Kit was about one year old.
The family settled on a tract of land owned by the sons of Daniel Boone , who had purchased the land from the Spanish; the Boone and Carson families became good friends and socializing together, intermarrying. Lindsay's oldest son William married Boone's grand-niece, Millie Boone, in Their daughter Adaline became Kit's favorite playmate. Missouri was the frontier of American expansionism west; as men worked in the fields, sentries were posted with weapons. These men were ready to kill any Indian.
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Carson wrote in his Memoirs: "For two or three years after our arrival, we had to remain forted and it was necessary to have men stationed at the extremities of the fields for the protection of those that were laboring. Kit was about 8 years old. Despite being penniless, his mother took care of her children alone for four years, she married Joseph Martin , a widower with several children.
Kit did not get along with his stepfather; the decision was made to apprentice him to a saddler in Franklin, Missouri. Kit wrote in his Memoirs that Workman was "a good man, I recall the kind treatment I received. Many of the customers at the saddle shop were trappers and traders, from whom Carson heard stirring tales of the West. Carson found work in the saddlery not to his taste: he once stated "the business did not suit me, I concluded to leave". In August , against his mother's wishes, Kit ran away from his apprenticeship , he went west with a caravan of fur trappers.
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Kit settled in Taos. Carson lived with Mathew Kinkead, a trapper and explorer who had served with Carson's older brothers during the War of Carson was mentored by Kinkead in learning the skills of a trapper, while learning the necessary languages for trade, he became fluent in Spanish and several Indian languages. Workman put an advertisement in a local newspaper back in Missouri , he wrote. No one claimed the reward, it was a bit of a joke. The advertisement featured the first printed description of Carson: "Christopher Carson, a boy about 16 years old, small of his age, but thick set.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American explorer. Richmond, Virginia. Kansas City, Missouri. Further information: Hugh Glass and Arikara War. This article appears to contain trivial, minor, or unrelated references to popular culture. Please reorganize this content to explain the subject's impact on popular culture, using references to reliable sources , rather than simply listing appearances.
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